Küresel Isınma Hedeflerine Ulaşmak için Enerjinin Etkin Kullanımı
Energy is one of the major inputs that play an important role in the social and economic development of societies. Depletion of the fossil fuels which provide most of the world’s energy demand, increase in the consumption in industrial processes, the rise in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to dangerous levels to human health as a result of the destruction of the ozone layer, have put energy production and efficient use of energy among the most challenging topics today.
The key issue to a sustainable development is the balance between the supply and demand of energy, keeping the environment clean, healthy and pollutant free. This topic is very important for Turkey, who is in the process of becoming a member to EU and a co-signer of the KYOTO protocol. Turkey imports more than half of her energy although she has a variety of primary sources. Energy efficiency is “a low hanging fruit” on the “energy tree” which can help address a number of objectives at the same time and at a low or negative cost, such as security of supply, environmental impacts, competitiveness, balance of trade, investment requirements, social implications and others.
This paper has been prepared to illustrate the energy efficiency measures and methods utilized in the industry, presenting the outcome of an energy analysis for the consumption for processes, heating and conditioning of production areas and office space heating of a pharmaceutical plant. Approaches and actions taken by the European Union and Turkey to investigate the influence of the building sector on global warming and ozone layer depletion are discussed. A brief presentation of software, developed in Turkey, is introduced to assess the energy performance of a building.
Born in 1953 in İstanbul, graduated in 1970 from Ankara Science High School, in 1974 from Istanbul Technical University, Mechanical Engineering Faculty. Won Fullbright and TÜBİTAK scholarships to study in the USA. Received his M.Sc. degree from Syracuse University in 1976 and Ph. D. from University of California, Berkeley in 1980. Worked at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories and Union Carbide Research Center after graduation. Served as a guest professor at Universitaet Karlsruhe (TH) with support from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Germany for three years (1981-1984). Returned to Turkey and worked at TÜBİTAK Marmara Research Center, Bosch and Demirdöküm in the Research Department before becoming a full professor at Yıldız Technical University in 1997. He has served as the Dean in the Mechanical Engineering Faculty. Has published more than 100 papers, books and conference articles and speaks fluent English and German.